I was determined to write about Gabon today. The West African nation has installed female president Rose Francine Rogombé as an interim replacement following the death of Africa’s longest serving dictator Omar Bongo Ondimba. I will write about Rogombé and Bongo later in this article. However, a couple of other matters in Iran, Australia and Italy have grabbed my more immediate attention.
Back in the more rarefied atmosphere of Australian federal politics, one man did exhibit a Zen-like calm today. Peter Costello finally hung up his Overshadow and walked off the Canberra stage today retiring from politics. The actual end date for the meddlesome member for Higgins is not immediate; it will be effective next election. But the news means Malcolm Turnbull will now probably lead the Liberals to the next two elections. Costello was relaxed and joking as he spoke at parliament house today. When he said his announcement would be welcomed by “both sides of the dispatch box”, everyone laughed knowingly. It was an obvious truth and one that could not be admitted beforehand by Costello, the Liberals or Labor.
While I paused to consider what that breathtaking insouciance says about the Australian polity, I cast my eyes back to Gabon. Situated on Africa’s west coast between Cameroon and Congo Republic, Gabon doesn’t get much press in the west. Nothing much happens in this small country of 1.5 million. It had known only one leader for 41 years. That man Omar Bongo died of cancer in Spain last week aged 73.
No one was terribly upset by his death. The Kenyan Standard called the diminutive Bongo “a pint-sized dinosaur who stifled Gabon”. He stole millions from his country in offshore oil revenues. Allafrica.com called him “a notorious looter-for-life” who spent $800 million on his palace while the capital Libreville did without a major hospital. Bongo got away with his crimes because he was protected by former colonial power France. Nicolas Sarkozy will be one of ten heads of state to attend his funeral on Thursday.
Rose Francine Rogombé was sworn in overnight as Gabon’s interim president. The 66 year old Rogombé is a member of the Gabonese Democratic Party (PDG) founded by Bongo. She was speaker of Gabon’s senate, and is a human rights lawyer. She has been given an elected president’s powers apart from authority to dissolve parliament or to hold referendums. Rogombé will be a breath of fresh air for a nation used to Bongo’s absolute power for almost half a century. The downside is Rogombé doesn’t have much time to make an impression, She will be ineligible to contest the presidential poll for a permanent replacement constitutionally due in the next two months.
The longer-term prognosis is not good. The favourite for the election is Bongo’s son and Gabon’s Defence Minister Ali Ben Bongo. The 50 year old was parachuted into the role in 1999 as a move to preempt coups against the dictator while grooming the son to succeed. Ben Bongo is of the same corrupt cut as his father and enjoys conspicuous spending. In 2003 executives of French oil company Elf paid the pair $16.7 million in bribes to allow them pillage the nation’s oil wealth. His wife Inge bought a $25 million mansion in LA’s most exclusive neighbourhood Malibu. Ali Ben is likely to resuscitate the party motto that only a Bongo can unify the country’s ethnic groups.
With Omar Bongo’s death, the mantle for the longest serving dictator in Africa now passes on to Muamar Gaddafy. The Colonel launched his revolution on 1 September 1969 meaning he is almost 40 years in power. He is currently being feted in Italy by Silvio Berluscone who will probably appreciate Gaddafy’s request to meet 1,000 prominent Italian women on the trip. The man himself is as inscrutable as ever. “There is no difference between men and women on a human level,” he exclaimed. “God made men and women, we must respect the differences between the sexes.”