(photo of Freetown by stringer_bel)
Koroma was assisted in his call for investment by former British Prime Minister Tony Blair. While Blair’s reputation has been sullied by his role in the war in Iraq, he remains a hero in Sierra Leone for the troops he sent in 2000 to end the conflict. He is still an adviser to President Koroma and he was cheered as he spoke to the London investment conference. “[Sierra Leone has] got massive natural resources, wonderful possibilities commercially in agriculture, tourism, mining,” said Blair. “What it’s got now for the first time is a stable system of government with a president who genuinely wants to make change, root out corruption.”
Blair also praised Koroma’s attempts to stamp out corruption which has been a major issue since the country returned to peace. By 2002 the country’s Anti-Corruption Commission had investigated 500 cases but relied on the Justice Ministry to follow the cases up. Politicians were not always keen to act leaving Sierra Leone languishing at the bottom of Mo Ibrahim’s African Governance chart. Recently Koroma has shown signs of stiffening up sacking two ministers after they appeared in court on graft charges.
Sierra Leone’s parliament has also approved a new mining act last week to boost government revenue and increase transparency. The Mines and Minerals Act 2009 followed the recommendations of report earlier this year by the National Advocacy Coalition on Extractives. The report argued that because of generous tax incentives, weak capacity and official corruption, the government has not received a fair share of mining proceeds. With commodity prices rising and a recent oil discovery in the country, the government was keen to introduce new regulations before investors begin a new mining phase.
In September Sierra Leone also signed the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP) compact. formally adopting the African Union initiative, drafted in Maputo in 2003. The CAADP aims to ensure Africa’s agricultural development as a catalyst for socio-economic growth and its goal is to eliminate hunger and reduce poverty through agriculture. At the signature ceremony Koroma said two thirds of his people rely on agriculture for their livelihoods and it contributes almost half of the Gross Domestic Product. “We regard CAADP as being pivotal to our poverty and hunger eradication efforts”, he said.
There is still a long way to go for one of Africa’s poorest countries. 50,000 Sierra Leoneans died in the civil war during the 1990s. The UN Development Program judged Sierra Leone the world’s least developed country in 2000. Since then the country has undergone two successful elections. Koroma won the most recent election in 2007 in a run-off against vice-president Solomon Berewa. Koroma is following the previous administration concentrating on nation rebuilding.
Not everyone agrees the country is on the right track. One of Sierra Leone’s most popular artists, Emerson Bockarie has released a song “Yesterday Betteh Pass Tiday”, recorded in Krio, which unfavourably compares the current government to the one it replaced in 2007. The song highlights corruption, the high cost of living, nepotism, tribalism, poor service delivery, poor government salaries and a static economy. Freetown trader Salamatu Bah was inclined to give Koroma’s administration the benefit of the doubt. “The government is trying, and things are better now than before,” said Bah. “The argument should not be which regime is the better or worse – we have voted for change and change is what we demand.”