Demonstrators lined up to have their blood drawn by nurses, after their leaders vowed to collect “one million cubic centimetres”. Protest leader Nattawut Saikur said if Abhisit wanted to remain prime minister “he must walk across Red Shirt people’s blood.” Another leader Veera Musikapong said the blood was a sacrificial offering “to show our love for the nation, to show our sincerity.” The protesters planned to spill the blood if Abhisit continues to refuse their demands that he resign. This macabre mass protest has entered a third day bringing 50,000 troops and police to Bangkok’s streets. The red shirts are the United Front for Democracy against Dictatorship. They are mostly rural and support Thaksin, in exile in Dubai after he jumped bail on a graft charge. He swept to power in 2001 promising measures to benefit the poor, and most still see him as a hero. His popular policies included micro-credit and affordable healthcare schemes. Protesters believe the Abhisit Government is illegitimate, because it came to power by defections rather than by winning an election.The Oxford educated 45-year-old Abhisit became leader of the Democrat Party in 2005 following a crushing election defeat. After a constitutional crisis Thaksin called a snap election in April 2006 which Abhisit boycotted as did all other opposition leaders. There was supposed to be a second election in September but the military coup put paid to that. Abhisit disapproved but supported the interim leader and bided his time. He was defeated again in the December 2007 election by Samak Sundaravej of the People’s Power Party who formed a tenuous six-party coalition.
When Samak was sacked for corruption Abhisit lost out again to Somchai Wongsawat, Thaksin’s brother-in-law. Somchai didn’t last long either. The Constitutional Court banned him and his party for electoral fraud. Disillusioned MPs defected to the Democrats and Abhisit finally had the numbers. He was elected PM in December 2008. It wasn’t long before the sniff of scandal began to whiff around him. The opposition accused him of approving false account reports to the electoral commission and filing false information. Abhisit survived a vote of no confidence though corruption claims continued to dog him. The biggest shadow over his leadership remains Thaksin. In March 2009 Thaksin accused the Privy Council of masterminding the 2006 coup that ousted him and conspiring to make Abhisit leader.
This was the signal for thousands of Thaksin supporters to come in from the countryside to take to the streets. Last year Abhisit declared a state of emergency and he got the army to clear the streets of protesters. This time the catalyst is the constitution court’s verdict on 26 February to seize two thirds of Thaksin’s assets. As The Guardian says “For Thaksin, the struggle is now all personal after his assets confiscation. For the reds, the fight is increasingly an organic people’s movement to upend the established order. Such all-or-nothing stakes bode ill for Thailand’s stable future”.